SINTRA CÂMARA has created two shelters for people living alone who do not have the necessary conditions to deal with heatwaves during the summer months.
According to the Câmara, the number of people needing shelter in that area could reach 600. With temperatures rising, it highlights the dangers that heatwaves can cause, from irreversible lesions to the body to, in extreme cases, death.
The Câmara has produced a leaflet for distribution throughout the town to advise the locals about these dangers.
The most vulnerable groups of people are children, the elderly, people with chronic illnesses (cardiovascular, respiratory, kidney problems, diabetes and alcoholism), obese, bed-ridden and those with mental health problems or those taking medication for hypertension.
The main symptoms associated with excess heat are muscular cramps, tiredness, weakness, fainting, nausea and vomiting, quick and superficial breathing, excessive sweating, becoming pale, damp cold skin, weak and fast pulse and headache.
To protect from excessive heat, avoid direct exposure to the sun, use light, loose clothes, avoid taking babies and elderly people to the beach during very hot days, avoid strenuous physical activity and take frequent breaks in cool shade, drink, even when not thirsty, lots of water or natural fruit juice (without added sugar), eat light meals and avoid alcohol, fizzy, caffeinated or sugared drinks.
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