New cancer cases, mostly prostate, breast and colon cancer, are increasing in Portugal, revealed the National Cancer Registry of 2006, the last year data were compiled. That year 39,356 new cancer cases were recorded against 38,519 cases in 2005. Portugal had a cancer incidence rate of 371.83 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2006 while in the previous year the rate was 284.64. The European default rate is 293.86 per 100,000 inhabitants while the world rate is 212.48. Prostate cancer has the highest annual incidence rate per 100,000 inhabitants (103.77), followed by breast cancer (48.66) and colon cancer (40.15).