A few technical terms used by groomers

A few technical terms used by groomers

Do you know what groomers are talking about when they ask ‘do you want your dog stripping’ and what they mean when they ask if you want the coat carding? Then read on to find out!

Carding is a natural technique. It is used to remove the loose coat from many coat types. The carding technique helps to maintain a healthy coat by removing the undercoat and helps to prevent shedding and makes the topcoat lay flatter, giving a smoother appearance. The carding technique is used before and after the clipping procedure to remove the undercoat that the clipping did not remove.

Chalking the coat is a procedure used before hand-stripping to allow for a better grip on the hair. The same concept is applied when pulling the hair from the ear canal. The ear powder absorbs the oil and moisture and helps you to better grasp the coat. Chalking is also used to whiten the coat on areas that are stained such as around the eyes, feet and hock area.

Clipping is a technical skill. More than just simple shaving, the function of the clipper is to enhance the finished appearance of the dog through a series of artistically applied clipping techniques.

Dry bathing
Dry bathing is a process that is used to clean the coat without the need to place the dog in the bath. A special product that is in powder form is applied to the coat. The coat is then thoroughly brushed to remove the oil and dirt.

Hand stripping
In breeds with the coat types that require hand stripping, the topcoat does not come out naturally, so the old and dead topcoat, frequently referred to as guard hairs, stays in the follicle and the new guard hairs do not have space to grow. If a coat is in need of stripping, it can cause itching, making the dog scratch and rub up against furniture in an attempt to naturally remove this dead coat. Hand stripping is a very natural method of removing this type of coat and it creates much healthier skin.

A matt is a mixture of topcoat, undercoat, dirt and moisture, along with other surprising things, and comes in a wide variety of colours and sizes. The matted coat can become so compressed it can look and feel like a wet rug or appear as long loose tangles. The size of the matting is coat type related, with the general rule of thumb that coat types that are considered to have undetermined hair growth have bigger, more solid masses and they mat in a fashion that is very difficult to brush out, whereas breeds with coat types that have determined hair growth can be brushed out. Mats can also look like “sunburned hair” or can have the appearance of a cotton ball.

Slicker brush
The slicker type brush is an all-purpose tool and has been in the tool box of most professionals for many years. The slicker brush is an excellent tool for pet families who must brush their dog’s coat between groomings to maintain the coat properly. Dogs with sensitive skin and a fine coat benefit from the soft, forgiving teeth of this type of brush. This brush is used to remove the undercoat and to brush out the tangles. The slicker brush has always been and still is the best tool to prepare a coat for a finish, especially when scissoring, by creating a smooth straight coat that no other brush can achieve.

Now you know!

By Sue Ogden

|| features@algarveresident.com

Sue Ogden is a professional dog groomer living in the Algarve. In her regular column, she provides readers with information on how best to care for their pets. Trained in the UK, she studied nursing, breeding, grooming, nutrition and kennel management. 910 851 140